Watermelon is the popular fruit around the globe. The main reasons for its presence around the globe are due to its attractive texture followed by the alluring taste.
Watermelon is claimed to be originated from Africa. It is now cultivated in almost every part of the world due to high demand around the globe.
This is the annual tree flourish in the sandy soil with the adequate amount of moisture and nutrient. The predominant part of the melon is comprised of the water so the name watermelon is given to this fruit.
Generally, it takes around three months to produce mature fruit. Maturity is the watermelon is indicated by its optimum size and red color inside the melon.
The seedless varieties available in the market are the result of the selective breeding for the considerable longer period of time. Seedless varieties are often referred to as the sterile hybrid.
The seed of the watermelon can also be consumed and has lots of health benefits. To get the optimum health benefit of the watermelon it is essential to consume the seed of the watermelon due to its immense health benefits.
Watermelon is the plant grows well in the tropical and subtropical region around the globe. Due to ease of production and high market demand, it is considered as the lucrative for the commercial cultivators.
Watermelon Fruit or Vegetable
This is the debate whether watermelon is fruit or vegetable. It is the vegetable and is the member of Cucurbitaceae which are often the vegetable family. It is fruit due to sweet taste and grows with the seed.
In reality, watermelon can be considered for the fruit due to high sugar content which makes it sweet in taste. It is difficult to cook the watermelon due to high water content followed by unappealing taste and texture after cooking.
Watermelon is often propagated by the seed. The propagation of the watermelon is the simple process requiring few steps.
This is the watermelon artificially made by placing the fruit in the cubical plastic frame. Placing in the cubical frame produce the cubical watermelon.
Due to the use of auxiliary material and high market demand, they are expensive than normal watermelon available in the market.
The predominant part of the watermelon is comprised of the water which is more than ninety-one percent by volume.
Nutrition present in the watermelon fruit includes Carbohydrate, Protein, Fat, Vitamins, and Minerals present in the varying amount.
The major part of the watermelon comprises of the carbohydrate which comprises of more than seven percent by volume. It has less than one percent of the fat and protein respectively.
The vitamins present in the watermelon include Vitamin A, C and B-complex vitamin-like B1, B2, B3, B5, and B6 in varying amount.
Minerals present in the watermelon comprise of the Calcium, Zinc, Sodium, Potassium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, and Phosphorous in varying amount (1).
Health Benefits of Watermelon
1. Healthy Heart
This is due to the innate citrulline in the watermelon that is beneficial in the lowering the blood pressure in the human body. The amino acid innate in the watermelon causes the surge in the nitric oxide level in the blood leading to the facilitation of the expansion of the blood vassals (2).
Further, the goodness of the potassium innate in the watermelon serves several beneficial functions.
Due to the majority of the portion comprised of the water that is vital to keep the body hydrated (3).
An adequate amount of water is vital for the optimum functioning of the human body.
Intake of the watermelon is associated with the adequate balance of the cholesterol in the human body.
The lycopene in the watermelon helps to prevent the cholesterol in different age group (4).
Consumption of the watermelon is associated with the reduction in the inflammation in the human body. This is due to the beneficial effect of the vitamin C and Lycopene innate in the watermelon (5).
5. Alzheimer’s Disease
The consumption of the watermelon is associated with the reduction in the occurrence of the disease like Alzheimer’s in the human body.
There is the distinct relation of the protective effect of the lycopene against the Alzheimer’s (6).
The consumption of the watermelon is associated with the reduction in the occurrence of constipation in the human body. The constipation is greatly reduced due to the innate goodness of the water and fiber (7).
Constipation is often associated with the various ailments occurring in the human body.
7. Adequate Vision
Due to the innate vitamin A and the antioxidant in the watermelon, which is effective in the optimum functioning of the eye healthy eye, can be obtained.
Deficiency of the vitamin A in the diet causes several unwanted consequences in the human body especially in the children (8).
8. Healthy Skin
Surprisingly the scant amount of the vitamin C and A present in the watermelon is beneficial to obtain the healthy skin of the human body (9).
9. Macular Degeneration
The antioxidant innate in the watermelon is effective in the prevention of the macular degeneration (10).
10. Demise Muscle Pain
The presence of the amino acid coined citrulline is beneficial to soothe pain occurring in the human body (11).
This is the prime reason why the athletes are given watermelon juice to soothe the effect of the incessant pain.
Cancer can be prevented by the constant intake of the watermelon. The innate lycopene in the watermelon is effective in the prevention of cancer occurrence in the different part of the body (12).
Cancer occurring in the various part of the body like Liver, Lung, Prostate, Breast, and the Skin cancer can be prevented by the constant intake of the watermelon.
Lycopene is the pigment that gives the red color to the fruit and vegetable and found in almost all the red fruit and vegetable available for consumption.
Cancer characterized by the uncontrolled growth and the occurrence of the cancer is rising.
12. Erectile Dysfunction
Due to innate citrulline, which is the amino acid, is effective to facilitate blood, flow around the body. Watermelon is sometimes coined as the natural Viagra (13).
Various foods that facilitate adequate circulation of the blood can cure erectile dysfunction.
This is the disease of grave concern in past due to its seriousness. This disease is characterized by the bleeding gum, the nose that can produce several noisome effects in the human health. It is caused by the deficiency of the vitamin C in the regular diet (14).
Watermelon contains the slight amount of the vitamin C compared to other fruit available. Due to the comparatively large size of the watermelon, people are inclined to consume more which provide the adequate amount of vitamin c in the human body.
14. Alkalizing Blood
Our blood is slightly alkaline and the majority of the food we take is acidic. This necessitates consuming the alkalizing food of which the alkaline watermelon has the potential effect to mention the pH of the blood (15).
15. Bone Health
The goodness of the scant amount of the minerals and lycopene is beneficial to obtain the healthy bone in the human body (16).
16. Weight Loss
Watermelon is considered as the ideal diet for anyone wishing to lose the weight. Due to the remarkable ability to cleanse the body combined with the goodness of the nutrition, it is beneficial for anyone trying to get rid of the body weight (17).
Moderation is the key to obtaining adequate health benefit otherwise it can reverse the scenario. Massive watermelon consumption can increase the body weight due to high carbohydrate content in it.
There is the distinct relation of the occurrence of asthma and deficiency of the vitamin C in the diet. Watermelon contains the adequate amount of the vitamin C, which is beneficial to combat the asthma occurrence in the human body (18).
Asthma is the common ailments in the upper respiratory tract which can create lots of noisome for anyone suffering from it.
18. Kidney Aliments
Due to the goodness of the nutrient watermelons consumption is associated with the demise of the kidney ailments (19).
Although the person with the serious kidney disorder should not consume watermelon.
Consumption of the watermelon for easing the occurrence of the kidney ailment is a highly debated topic so it is essential to consult the physician in adverse condition.
Diabetes is due to inefficient body mechanism to cope with the glucose in the blood.
Due to the low glycemic index of the watermelon moderate consumption of the watermelon does not spike the glucose level in the blood.
Watermelon is included in the safe diet to prevent diabetes in the human body (20).
20. Muscular Dystrophy
Dystrophy is the Impaired nourishment of the body part leading to various unwanted consequences.
Consumption of the watermelon is claimed to be beneficial in the occurrence of the muscular dystrophy (21).
21. Heat Stroke
This is the condition marked by overheating due to prolonged exposure to the sun. It is marked by elevated body temperature that is forty degrees centigrade.
Consumption of the watermelon is effective in the combat of the heat stroke in the human body (22).
Watermelon is often associated with the summer food as they naturally flourish in the summer season.
22. Healthy Oral Health
Watermelon is lush in the water, which can naturally keep the good oral health. Consumption of the watermelon is effective in cleansing the teeth, which produces good oral health (23).
23. Macular Degeneration
The wrinkles, distinct spot, and the fine line in the skin that is caused due to the aging effects of free radical characterize the macular degeneration.
Watermelon lush with the goodness of the antioxidant prevents the macular degeneration (24).
The presence of the trace amount of zinc drastically increases the beneficial function.
Bronchitis is the common ailments affecting the upper respiratory tract. This is marked by the difficulty in breathing.
Consumption of vitamin C is effective in the combat of bronchitis in the human body. The consumption of watermelon with the goodness of vitamin c is effective in soothing the effect of bronchitis (25).
25. Nervous System
The goodness of the antioxidant and minerals like potassium is vital to obtain the healthy nervous system in the human body (26).
26. Bad Breath
Bad breath is often associated with the oral hygiene. The goodness of innate water combined with the nutrient is beneficial in the combat against the bad breath (27).
The phenolic compounds present in the watermelon like Triterpenoids, Carotenoids, and Flavonoids present in the watermelon are effective in the reducing the inflammation in the human body (28).
28. Accelerate Wound Healing
This benefit is due to the innate vitamin C in the watermelon. Vitamin C can accelerate the healing of the wound in the various part of the body (29).
Anemia is the disease associated with the lack of iron in the diet. The scant amount of the iron present in the watermelon is effective in the prevention of the anemia in the human body (30).
The Watermelon seed contains the adequate amount of magnesium, which is effective in the combat of the Anxiety in the human body (31).
1. Watermelon is the ideal diet for everyone when consumed in moderation. Carbohydrate innate in the watermelon can cause the spike in the level of the glucose in the blood leading to several unwanted consequences. The problems can be severe in the person suffering from diabetes.
2. The lycopene content in the watermelon can cause diarrhea, nausea, bloating, indigestion and various another disease in the human beings when consumed in higher doses over the prolonged period.
3. Although potassium content in the watermelon is lower compared to other food. It can upset the electrolytic balance. Sodium and potassium are vital for the nerve impulse conduction often refer to as the sodium pump and potassium. Hyperkalemia is the condition marked by elevations of the potassium in the blood can create irregularity of the heartbeat.