Coriander often refers to, as cilantro is the omnipresent herb. Due to the appealing aroma and its majestic flavor enhancement ability coriander has remained as one of the prime ingredients in various culinary Manu. Generally, the seed of the cilantro is referred to as coriander.
The Cilantro is annual plant and can be grown in year-round. The precise estimation of the origin of coriander is not known as they are found under the wild condition in the forest of Asia and Europe.
The leaves, stem, root; seed from the Cilantro plant are edible. Generally, the leaves are widely consumed around the globe than the other parts.
How to Consume
Coriander is generally consumed in fresh forms. The seed obtained from the coriander are often deep fried and used in various condiments.
The freshly chopped coriander leaves have an appealing aroma and high nutritional content than other options available.
Propagation is carried out with the seeds. Seeds can germinate well in different types of soil with constant watering.
There has been recorded cause of allergic reaction upon consumption of the coriander (1). The specific allergy in various part of the body especially in the skin, respiration and behavioral symptoms are generally observed.
Leaves should be washed properly before the consumption. As the coriander leaves potentially contain several pathogens, which can spread various diseases.
Consumption of the coriander is believed to increase the sensitivity of the sun.
There are the cases of dermatitis after the consumption of the coriander that needs to be seriously considered before using the coriander.
Pregnant and breastfeeding woman are not advised to take the coriander as it can interfere with the production of milk.
Green leaves of the coriander are generally consumed around the globe. The green leaves are lush with the goodness of nutrient required for the human body.
Coriander leaves contain the trace amount of carbohydrate that is around three percent by volume. It has more than three percent protein and the scant amount of fat.
Vitamins present in the coriander are the vitamin A, C, E, K and B-complex vitamin-like B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B9 in varying amount. Among the vitamins, vitamin k is present in the higher amount.
Minerals present in the coriander leaves are the Calcium, Iron, Zinc, Sodium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Manganese, Magnesium in varying amount (2).
Health Benefits of Coriander
Coriander oil is found to be effective in the prevention of the spread of the various diseases like that of the disease cause of various bacteria (3). Coriander is found to be effective in the repellant of the Typhoid.
Coriander is low in fat and can decrease the bad cholesterol (LDL) in the blood. The palmitic, stearic, linoleic, ascorbic acid content in the coriander serves several beneficial functions.
Coriander increases the insulin secretion in the body. This can be beneficial in the person suffering from diabetes. Further, the low content of the carbohydrate that is merely three percent does not spike the level of glucose in the blood.
The higher dietary fiber is suitable for the controlled release of glucose into the bloodstream.
Coriander is claimed to be effective in numbing the inflammation in the human body.
5. Cognitive Power
Coriander is lush with the goodness of vitamins and minerals required for the human body. This is due to the beneficial properties it is effective in the boosting to the cognitive function.
6. Healthy Heart
Due to the content of the potassium in proper amount combined with vitamin K which is beneficial for the optimum functioning of the heart. A healthy heart can be obtained from the consumption of the coriander (4).
7. Prevent Cancer
Coriander can be effective in the prevention of the occurrence of cancer in the human body.
8. Menstrual Disorder
A menstrual disorder like the irregular menstruation can be adequately treated by the consumption of the coriander leaves.
Coriander is lush with the iron that is essential to avoid the occurrence of anemia in the human body. Anemia is the disease marked by the reduction of the iron in the diet (5).
Iron is the vital component of the hemoglobin that is essential in the formation of the Red Blood Cell in the human body.
10. Healthy Bone
Coriander is lush with the goodness of the minerals like Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus that is beneficial for the optimum functioning of the bone.
Coriander is lush in the vitamin A that is essential for the normal vision in the human body (6).
The carotenoids present in the Coriander is claimed to be effective in the prevention of the various disease occurring in the eye.
12. Healthy Skin
Coriander is claimed to be effective in the reduction of the damage caused by the ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
13. Detoxify Metal
Coriander is found to be effective in the elimination of the toxic metals like lead from the human body.